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Halabja 16 March 1988 mass slaughter of Kurds

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Halabja 16 March 1988 mass slaughter of Kurds

PostAuthor: Anthea » Mon Mar 16, 2020 12:27 am

The Halabja chemical attack

A massacre against the Kurdish people that took place on March 16, 1988, during the closing days of the Iran–Iraq War in the Kurdish city of Halabja in Iraq.

The attack was part of the Al-Anfal Campaign in northern Iraq, as well as part of the Iraqi attempt to repel the Iranian Operation Zafar 7. It took place 48 hours after the fall of the town to the Iranian Army. A United Nations (UN) medical investigation concluded that mustard gas was used in the attack, along with unidentified nerve agents.

The attack killed between 3,200 and 5,000 people and injured 7,000 to 10,000 more, most of them civilians.

Preliminary results from surveys of the affected region showed an increased rate of cancer incidence and birth defects in the years after the attack. The incident, which has been officially defined by Supreme Iraqi Criminal Tribunal as a genocidal massacre against the Kurdish people in Iraq, was the largest chemical weapons attack directed against a civilian-populated area in history.

The Halabja attack has been recognized as a distinct event of the Anfal Genocide conducted against the Kurdish people by the Iraqi regime under Saddam Hussein. The Iraqi High Criminal Court recognized the Halabja massacre as an act of genocide on March 1, 2010, a decision welcomed by the Kurdistan Regional Government. The attack was also condemned as a crime against humanity by the Parliament of Canada. In 2010, high-ranking Iraqi official Ali Hassan al-Majid was found guilty of ordering the attack, sentenced to death, and executed
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Halabja 16 March 1988 mass slaughter of Kurds

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Re: Halabja 16 March 1988 mass slaughter of Kurds

PostAuthor: Anthea » Tue Mar 17, 2020 1:21 am

Halabja chemical
attack anniversary


Kurdish leaders and foreign dignitaries in the Kurdistan Region issued their condolences in remembrance of the 32th anniversary of the Halabja chemical attack via statements on Monday

Nuxsha Nasih, the mayor of Halabja, visited the memorial site for the chemical attack in the city with a small party on Monday.

Countless Kurds were killed and thousands were wounded when Saddam Hussein’s regime bombed the city of Halabja with mustard gas and other nerve agents on March 16, 1988, during the Iran-Iraq war. Many thousands dying later from injuries they received that day.

“We must also remember the importance of the unity and solidarity that have enabled Kurdistanis to overcome so many hardships,” said KRG prime minister Masrour Barzani in a statement.

President of the Kurdistan Region Nechirvan Barzani acknowledged the continued trauma of the massacre for the community in Halabja on Monday.

“The horrors of the horrendous attack still haunt the survivors and their families, who bear the physical and emotional scars up till the present time. The chemical attack continues to have a devastating impact on the environment of the city and its neighboring areas,” his statement reads.

Mohammed Halbousi, speaker of the Iraqi parliament, described Halabja as “resistant,” and praised its people for “rebuilding [the city] 32 years after the massacre.”

Several foreign envoys and offices also sent their annual condolences.

“The #Halabja attack on this day in 1988 was a crime of monstrous proportions, made even more heinous by the use of chemical weapons,” tweeted the UK consulate general.

The US consulate said in a tweet that they “honor the memories of the husbands, wives, sons, daughters, brothers and sisters who perished in Halabja.”

German, Greek, and several other foreign offices sent condolences their as well.

Many world governments have been accused of tacitly allowing Hussein’s regime to acquire the agents used in the Halabja chemical attack.

https://www.rudaw.net/english/kurdistan/160320201
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